Without question, molecular biology drives modern neuroscience. The past 50 years has been nothing short of revolutionary as key findings have moved the field from correlation toward causation. Most obvious are the discoveries and strategies that have been used to build tools for visualizing circuits, measuring activity, and regulating behavior. Less flashy, but arguably as important are the myriad investigations uncovering the actions of single molecules, macromolecular structures, and integrated machines that serve as the basis for constructing cellular and signaling pathways identified in wide-scale gene or RNA studies and for feeding data into informational networks used in systems biology. This review follows the pathways that were opened in neuroscience by major discoveries and set the stage for the next 50 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2020


  • CRISPR-Cas9
  • Nanoscale imaging
  • PCR
  • RNA
  • SNARE and synapse composition
  • Transfection and transduction


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