Obstructive sleep apnoea and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction among first responders to the 9/11 World Trade Center terrorist attack: A cross-sectional study

Rupa Lakshmi Iyengar-Kapuganti, Cynara S. MacEda, Lori B. Croft, Simonette T. Sawit, Laura E. Crowley, Mark Woodward, Mary Ann McLaughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is often linked to cardiovascular disease. A limited number of studies have reported an association between OSA and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD). However, prior studies were performed on small patient populations. Studies have shown a high prevalence of OSA among first responders to the 9/11 World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack. We investigated the relationship between OSA and LVDD in a large population of WTC responders. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting One-time screening programme as part of the WTC-CHEST Study (NCT10466218), performed at a quaternary medical centre in New York City, from November 2011 to June 2014. Participants A total of 1007 participants with mean age of 51 years of mostly non-Hispanic white men were evaluated. Patients from the WTC Health Program-Clinical Center of Excellence, who were over the age of 39 years, were eligible to participate. Results Evaluation of those without OSA diagnosis showed no significant association with LVDD when comparing those screened (Berlin Questionnaire) as OSA high risk versus OSA low risk (p=0.101). Among those diagnosed with LVDD, there was a significant association when comparing those with and without patient-reported OSA (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.13 to 2.00, p=0.005), but the significance was not maintained after adjusting for pertinent variables (OR 1.3, 0.94 to 1.75, p=0.119). Notably, comparing those with OSA diagnosis and those low risk of OSA, the OR for LVDD was significant (1.69, 1.24 to 2.31, p=0.001), and after adjusting for waist-hip ratio, diabetes and coronary artery calcium score percentile, the relationship remained significant (OR 1.45, 1.03 to 2.04, p=0.032). Conclusion The strong association of OSA with LVDD in this population may inform future guidelines to recommend screening for LVDD in high-risk asymptomatic patients with OSA.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere058366
JournalBMJ Open
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • World Trade Center
  • diastolic dysfunction
  • first responders
  • sleep apnea

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