Observation versus thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma in the elderly

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of non-surgical versus surgical therapy in elderly patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. Methods: The study cohort included 2323 elderly patients (aged 65 years and over) diagnosed with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma between 1988 and 2009, identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 18 database of the National Cancer Institute. Results: The five-year overall survival rate was 23 per cent for non-surgical patients compared with 91 per cent for surgical patients (p < 0.0001). Unadjusted analysis revealed significantly improved survival in surgical patients compared with non-surgical patients (hazard ratio = 0.06; p < 0.0001). Propensity score analysis also revealed significantly improved survival in surgical patients compared with non-surgical patients (hazard ratio = 0.11; p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Thyroidectomy appears to provide a survival benefit for elderly patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. High-quality prospective studies are needed to better evaluate the comparative effectiveness of immediate thyroidectomy versus observation for elderly patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-176
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
Volume131
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aged
  • SEER Program
  • Thyroid Neoplasms
  • Thyroidectomy

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