Dietary intervention is a crucial component of food allergy management but can negatively impact nutrient intake. A comprehensive nutrition assessment with appropriate intervention is warranted in all children with food allergies to meet nutrient needs and optimize growth. Nutrition assessment may also be indicated in adults with food allergy. Frequently, an elimination diet is absolutely necessary to prevent potentially life-threatening anaphylaxis. Allergen elimination can also improve chronic symptoms, such as atopic dermatitis, when a food is proven to trigger symptoms. Allergen elimination goals are to prevent acute and chronic food-allergic reactions in the safest and least restrictive environment to supply a balanced diet that promotes health in children and adults.