Nucleotide sequence analysis of the chicken c-myc gene reveals homologous and unique coding regions by comparison with the transforming gene of avian myelocytomatosis virus MC29, Δgag-myc

D. K. Watson, E. P. Reddy, P. H. Duesberg, T. S. Papas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myelocytomatosis virus MC29 is a defective avian retrovirus with a hybrid transforming gene (Δgag-myc) consisting of a 1,358-base pair (bp) sequence from the retroviral gag gene and a 1,568-bp sequence (v-myc) shared with a cellular locus, termed c-myc. We have subjected to sequence analysis 2,735 bp of the cloned c-myc gene, which includes the v-myc-related region of 1,568 bp, an intervening sequence of 971 bp, and unique flanking sequences of 45 bp and 195 bp at the 5' and 3' ends, respectively. Analysis of the genetic information and alignment of the c-myc sequence with the known sequence of MC29 indicates that: (i) the two myc sequences share the same reading frame, including the translational termination signal; (ii) there are nine nucleotide changes between c-myc and v-myc that correspond to seven amino acid changes; (iii) the 971-bp intervening sequence of c-myc can be defined as an intron by consensus splice signals; (iv) the unique 5' sequence of c-myc could either extend its reading frame beyond the homology with v-myc or could be an intron because its junction with the myc region of the locus is a canonical 3' splice-acceptor site; (v) the v-myc contains 10 nucleotides at its 5' end not shared with the c-myc analyzed here and also not with known gag genes, probably derived from an upstream exon; and (vi) the c-myc locus can generate a mRNA whose termination signals have been identified to be located 83 bp and 119 bp from the point of divergence between the v-myc and c-myc. We conclude that the gene of the c-myc locus of the chicken and the onc gene of MC29 share homologous myc regions and differ in unique 5' coding regions and we speculate, on this basis, that their protein products may have different functions. The hybrid onc gene of MC29 must have been generated from the c-myc gene by deletion of the 5' cellular coding sequence, followed by substitution with the 5' region of the viral gag gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2146-2150
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume80
Issue number8 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

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