Nuclear magnetic resonance of hepatic graft-versus-host disease in mice

Duane D. Blatter, James M. Crawford, James L.M. Ferrara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The liver is a major target organ of graft-versus-host disease. We have induced graded intensities of acute GVHD to minor histocompatibility antigens in a well- characterized murine bone marrow transplant model and analyzed hepatic pathology one month after BMT. Nuclear-magnetic-resonance relaxation times and proton spectra were compared to systemic clinical disease, serum biochemistries, and histologic findings. T2 relaxation times correlated directly with the intensity of histologic abnormalities, but the hepatic histology remained mild even in animals with moderate GVHD. In contrast, NMR proton spectra of hepatic tissue showed large decreases in metabolite levels (acetate and glycogen) in animals with moderate systemic disease despite mild hepatic histology. We conclude that NMR of the liver can be used to differentiate hepatic from systemic GVHD in this model and may help to elucidate the differential effects of GVHD in various target organs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1011-1018
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1990
Externally publishedYes


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