Novel bivalent BET inhibitor N2817 exhibits potent anticancer activity and inhibits TAF1

Qian Wu, Dan Qi Chen, Lin Sun, Xia Juan Huan, Xu Bin Bao, Chang Qing Tian, Jianping Hu, Kai Kai Lv, Ying Qing Wang, Bing Xiong, Ze Hong Miao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) family proteins are promising anticancer targets. Most BET inhibitors in clinical trials are monovalent. They competitively bind to one of the bromodomains (BD1 and BD2) in BET proteins and exhibit relatively weak anticancer activity, poor pharmacokinetics, and low metabolic stability. Here, we evaluated the anticancer activity of a novel bivalent BET inhibitor, N2817, which consists of two molecules of the monovalent BET inhibitor 8124-053 connected by a common piperazine ring, rendering a long linker unnecessary. Compared with ABBV-075, one of the potent monovalent BET inhibitors reported to date, N2817 showed greater potency in inhibiting proliferation, arresting cell-cycle, inducing apoptosis, and suppressing the growth of tumor xenografts. Moreover, N2817 showed high metabolic stability, a relatively long half-life, and no brain penetration after oral administration. Additionally, N2817 directly bound and inhibited another BD-containing protein, TAF1 (BD2), as evidenced by a reduction in mRNA and protein levels. TAF1 inhibition contributed to the anticancer effect of N2817. Therefore, this study offers a new paradigm for designing bivalent BET inhibitors and introduces a novel potent bivalent BET inhibitor and a new anticancer mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114435
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume185
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anticancer activity
  • Bivalent BET inhibitors
  • Monovalent BET inhibitors
  • N2817
  • TAF1

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