Novel 3D Echocardiographic Technique for Mitral Calcium Mapping

Francesca Romana Prandi, Francesco Romeo, Francesco Barillà, Samin Sharma, Annapoorna Kini, Stamatios Lerakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is a common chronic degenerative process of the mitral valve fibrous support ring. MAC increases the risk of mitral valve dysfunction, all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and worse outcomes in cardiac interventions. Echocardiography represents the first imaging modality for MAC assessment, but it has low specificity compared to cardiac CT in terms of distinguishing between calcium and dense collagen. Novel three-dimensional transesophageal maximal intensity projection (MIP) mapping allows for the real-time MAC distribution and depth visualization of the cardiac anatomy and represents a useful and promising tool for pre-procedural assessment and intra-procedural guidance of cardiac interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1470
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • 3D echocardiography
  • calcific mitral valve disease
  • mitral annular calcification
  • mitral valve intervention
  • structural heart disease imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Novel 3D Echocardiographic Technique for Mitral Calcium Mapping'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this