Nonoperative Management of Hallux Limitus Using a Novel Forefoot Orthosis

Jonathan Fung, Alain Sherman, Sara Stachura, Robert Eckles, John Doucette, Eileen Chusid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Hallux limitus is among the most common arthritides of the foot and ankle, with increasing incidence in the aging population. Despite its prevalence and disease burden, treatment of the condition remains poorly understood. Many patients will fail initial conservative management, whereas controversy exists surrounding indications for and outcomes of surgery. The present study sought to examine the impact of a novel forefoot orthosis on foot function, pain, and plantar pressure distributions in patients with symptomatic hallux limitus. Nineteen adult patients completed a questionnaire consisting of the 23-item Foot Function Index and a 10-point visual analogue scale measuring pain. Standing pedobarographic maps were generated using a foot scanning system. Participants were instructed to wear the orthosis in athletic shoes for 4 weeks. Eighteen participants (94.7%) experienced improvements in foot function and pain, with 12 (63.2%) reporting complete resolution of pain at the end of the 4-week trial. Mean Foot Function Index scores improved significantly from 43.0% at baseline to 11.0% with the orthosis (p <.001). Similarly, mean visual analogue scale pain scores decreased significantly from 4.87 to 1.18 (p <.001). Pedobarographic analysis while wearing the orthosis demonstrated increased ability of participants to bear weight on the arthritic hallux metatarsophalangeal joint and restoration of physiologic stance. Compared to existing products, the device was well tolerated and did not require footwear modifications or impede normal gait. Overall, the orthosis offers an appealing solution to patients dissatisfied with existing treatment options as well as those who may be averse to or ineligible for surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1192-1196
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020


  • 4
  • foot function index
  • forefoot
  • hallux limitus
  • orthosis
  • pain


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