Noninvasive prenatal screening by next-generation sequencing

Anthony R. Gregg, Ignatia B. Van Den Veyver, Susan J. Gross, Rajeevi Madankumar, Britton D. Rink, Mary E. Norton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Noninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS) has emerged as a highly accurate method of screening for fetal Down syndrome, with a detection rate and specificity approaching 100%. Challenging the widespread use of this technology are cost and the paradigm shift in counseling that accompanies any emerging technology. The expense of the test is expected to decrease with increased utilization, and well beyond the current NIPS technology, its components (fetal genomemeasurements, sequencing technology, and bioinformatics) will be utilized alone or in combinations to interrogate the fetal genome. The end goal is simple: to offer patients information early in pregnancy about fetal genomes without incurring procedural risks. This will allow patients an opportunity to make informed reproductive and pregnancy management decisions based on precise fetal genomic information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-347
Number of pages21
JournalAnnual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cell-free DNA
  • fetal aneuploidy
  • noninvasive prenatal screening
  • noninvasive prenatal testing

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