Noninvasive monitoring of cardiac output by Doppler echocardiography in patients treated with volume expansion after subarachnoid hemorrhage

S. A. Mayer, D. Sherman, M. E. Fink, S. Homma, R. A. Solomon, L. Lennihan, A. Beckford, L. M. Klebanoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess the validity and potential clinical utility of cardiac output monitoring using Doppler echocardiography in patients treated with volume expansion after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Design: Observational study of patients in a randomized, clinical trial. Setting: Neurologic intensive care unit. Patients: Simultaneous, blinded measurements of cardiac output by thermodilution and Doppler echocardiography were performed in 48 patients 1 or 2 days after aneurysmal clipping. Follow-up Doppler echocardiography was performed an average of 3.9 days later (range 3 to 6) in 15 patients assigned to normovolemia and 24 patients assigned to hypervolemia. Intervention: Patients received supplemental 5% albumin in order to maintain increased (hypervolemia) or normal (normovolemia) cardiac filling pressures. Measurements and Main Results: The overall degree of correlation between the two measures was moderate (r = .67, r2 = .45, p < .0001). Bias and precision calculations (-0.75 ± 1.34 L/min) showed a tendency for Doppler echocardiography to underestimate thermodilution, particularly when cardiac output was very high. Although hypervolemia patients received more 5% albumin than normovolemia patients, mean percent change in Doppler echocardiography cardiac output did not differ between the two groups. Multiple regression analysis showed that the percent change in Doppler echocardiography cardiac output correlated strongly with changes in heart rate (p < .0001), but not with daily net fluid balance or 5% albumin administration. Conclusions: Agreement was poor between Doppler echocardiography and thermodilution measurements of cardiac output, and trends reflected variations in heart rate rather than fluid status. Monitoring of cardiac output by this technique cannot be recommended in patients treated with volume expansion after subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1470-1474
Number of pages5
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • albumin
  • cardiac output
  • critical illness
  • echocardiography, Doppler
  • monitoring, physiologic
  • pulmonary artery catheter
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • thermodilution
  • vasospasm

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