Non-systemic vasculitic neuropathy: An enigmatic clinical entity

Sandeep Singh Lubana, Navdeep Singh, Susan Sanelli-Russo, Adriana Abrudescu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Challenging differential diagnosis Background: Non-systemic vasculitic peripheral neuropathy is a rare condition characterized by necrotizing inflammation resulting in luminal narrowing of the vasa nervorum, leading to ischemic injury to peripheral nerves. Here, we present the case of 63-year-old woman with subacute onset of severe hyperesthesia of the lower extremities accompanied by foot drop. Case Report: A 63-year-old woman with prolonged history of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus presented with subacute onset of severe bilateral lower extremity hyperesthesia and motor weakness along with left-sided foot drop. She had multiple emergency room visits with no relief of her symptoms. High doses of analgesics were insufficient to control pain. Laboratory tests were positive only for high erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. A skin biopsy obtained 5 cm above the left lateral malleolus revealed medium-sized dermal vasculitis with dense mononuclear infiltrate. Electromyography showed peripheral neuropathy. A nerve biopsy was needed to reveal the exact diagnosis. Conclusions: Diagnosis of non-systemic vasculitic peripheral neuropathy can be delayed or missed in patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, leading to significant morbidity. Elevated markers of inflammation in the absence of a possible explanation should prompt the clinician to perform a nerve biopsy; however, it is an invasive procedure and is associated with complications of post-neuropathic pain and delayed wound healing. Magnetic resonance angiography of the lower limbs, if combined with skin biopsy, can save the patient from undergoing nerve biopsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-453
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Case Reports
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Electromyography
  • Vasa Nervorum

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