Non-isothermal kinetics of pseudo-components of waste biomass

Piyush Sharma, O. P. Pandey, P. K. Diwan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Non-isothermal kinetics involved during the slow pyrolysis of waste biomass (sawdust) was investigated. The slow pyrolysis profile of sawdust was distinguished into three reactions corresponding to each pseudo component (hemicellulose, cellulose & lignin) through the deconvolution process. Kinetic triplets (activation energy, reaction mechanism & pre-exponential factor) were estimated for each pseudo component. The Straink (SR) and Friedman (FR) iso-conversional kinetic models were used to calculate the activation energy of pseudo-cellulose (SR = 162.90 kJ/mol, FR = 165.67 kJ/mol), pseudo-hemicellulose (SR = 156.25 kJ/mol, FR = 158.47 kJ/mol) and pseudo-lignin (SR = 301.62 kJ/mol, FR = 316.72 kJ/mol). The reaction mechanism involved during the slow pyrolysis of waste sawdust was identified through integral master plot method. The results revealed that the two-dimensional contract area (R2) and second order reaction (F2) reaction mechanism dominates slow pyrolysis of pseudo-cellulose and pseudo-hemicellulose, respectively. However, no exact reaction mechanism was observed for pseudo-lignin. The pre-exponential factor was determined with the help of the activation energy and reaction mechanism. Thermodynamic parameters i.e. change in enthalpy (ΔH), entropy (ΔS) and Gibb's free energy (ΔG) were also determined for pseudo-cellulose (ΔH=157.54kJ/mol, ΔS=-17.615 J/mol and ΔG=168.64 kJ/mol) and pseudo-hemicellulose (ΔH=151.28kJ/mol, ΔS=6.61 J/mol and ΔG=147.12 kJ/mol).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1161
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Kinetic analysis
  • Kinetic triplets
  • Thermodynamic parameters
  • Waste sawdust


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