Non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of ZnO-BaO-B2O3-SiO2 glass

A. Arora, E. R. Shaaban, K. Singh, O. P. Pandey

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60 Scopus citations


Glass of composition 40SiO2-30BaO-20ZnO-10B2O3 (mol%) was made by conventional melting and casting process. Crystallization kinetics of above glass has been investigated under non-isothermal conditions, using the formal theory of transformations for heterogeneous nucleation. The procedure is applied to the experimental data obtained by differential thermal analysis (DTA), using continuous-heating techniques. The crystallization results are analyzed, and both the activation energy of crystallization process as well as the crystallization mechanism is characterized. Dilatometric measurement of this glass was also done and data obtained was used to calculate the viscosity of the formed glass. Development of crystalline phases on thermal treatments of the glass at various temperatures has been analyzed by X-ray diffraction. Microstructure of the crystalline phases was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the development of various structural features with variation in heat treatment cycle was observed. The nucleation and growth of these phases in the matrix of glass has been described and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3944-3951
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Issue number33
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Glass transition
  • Glass-ceramics


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