Non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of K2O modified sodium-phosphate glasses

Paramjyot Kumar Jha, O. P. Pandey, K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glasses of composition 55P2O5-(45-x)Na2O-xK2O; (5 ≤ x ≤ 25) have been prepared by melt-quench technique. The broad halo in all quenched samples indicates their amorphous nature as confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction. The mixed glass modifiers effect (MGME) on crystallization and thermal stability are investigated using the differential thermal analyzer under non-isothermal conditions. The kinetic of crystallization has been studied using Kissinger's and Augis-Bennett models. The activation energies for glass transition (Eg) and crystallization (Ec) are observed maximum for 10 and 20 mol% K2O glasses. 10 and 20 mol% K2O contained glasses exhibit minimum crystallization frequency than other glasses, which indicate their higher kinetic and thermodynamic stability. FTIR and Raman analysis confirmed the higher polymerization of phosphate groups in 10 and 20 mol% K2O glasses as compared to other glasses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-84
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume440
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crystallization kinetics
  • Phosphate glasses
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Thermal analysis

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