Non-anastomotic failure of woven Dacron tube grafts in the thoracic aorta in young adults

David Aurigemma, Alejandro Borquez, Jesse Lee, Robert Newbury, John W. Moore, John Lamberti, Raghav Murthy, Howaida El-Said

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Dacron tube grafts have been used in the surgical management of cardiovascular disease since the 1970s. Complications at the site of the anastomosis have been well described. Non-anastomotic failure is far less common. We present a series of four patients who presented with complications of non-anastomotic failure of woven Dacron tube grafts. Methods: A retrospective chart review of four patients who presented to our institution between March 2014 and March 2017 with clinical complications of a Dacron tube graft was conducted. Results: All four patients underwent a staged surgical repair for an interrupted aortic arch between the years of 1988 and 2001. All four patients underwent revision of their original interposition graft (Gore-Tex, W.L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ) with implantation of a Hemashield woven Dacron tube graft (Maquet, Rastatt, Germany). From 13 to 22 years postimplant of the Dacron tube graft, all patients presented with symptoms or clinical evidence of primary graft failure. Two patients underwent urgent surgical intervention and did not survive. One patient underwent attempted surgical intervention, which was aborted in the setting of profuse bleeding, and ultimately had an endovascular rescue of the tube graft with a Zenith Alpha endograft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN). One patient underwent elective endovascular intervention prior to onset of symptoms. Conclusion: Non-anastomotic failure of woven Dacron tube grafts can occur in the thoracic aorta in young adults and may be managed with endovascular techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-657
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiac Surgery
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aorta and great vessels
  • cardiovascular pathology
  • congenital heart disease

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