Nipple-areolar tattoo: Comprehensive review of history, theory, technique, and outcomes

Annet S. Kuruvilla, Jared M. Gopman, Samantha Cham, Peter W. Henderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Breast reconstruction aims to achieve a natural look and can involve manipulation or removal of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) as well. One of the final steps of the breast reconstruction process involves creation of the appearance of a new NAC, either via surgical intervention or medical tattooing. Medical tattooing involves little to no surgical intervention while still resulting in aesthetically pleasing results. This specific type of tattooing can be performed by a member of the plastic surgeon team, or a medical tattoo specialist. Integration of this method into plastic surgery practice can prove beneficial to the patient as a viable solution for aesthetically pleasing NAC recreation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-549
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Breast reconstruction
  • Medical tattoo
  • Nipple-areola complex tattoo

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