New and emerging lipid-modifying drugs to lower LDL cholesterol

Constantine E. Kosmas, Dafni Pantou, Andreas Sourlas, Evangelia J. Papakonstantinou, Rogers Echavarria Uceta, Eliscer Guzman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents the leading cause of death worldwide. The role of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and CVD has been well recognized. Statins are the standard of care for the management of hypercholesterolaemia, and their effectiveness in lowering LDL-C and reducing CVD risk in both primary and secondary prevention has been well established. However, several patients fail to attain optimal LDL-C goals or are intolerant to statins, especially at high doses. PCSK9 inhibitors, bempedoic acid, inclisiran, ANGPTL3 inhibitors, PPARβ/δ agonists and LXR agonists are novel or upcoming LDL-C-lowering agents that have shown promising beneficial results. This review aims to present and discuss the current clinical and scientific data pertaining to the new and emerging lipid-modifying LDL-C-lowering drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number83
JournalDrugs in Context
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ANGPTL3 inhibitors
  • Bempedoic acid
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Inclisiran
  • LDL-C-lowering
  • LXR agonists
  • PCSK9 inhibitors
  • PPARβ/δ agonists

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