Neuropsychology Assessment in Dementia and Neurodegenerative Disease

Shawn Mordhorst, Kelly Coulehan, Emily C. Roseman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuropsychology is a science that aims to understand brain-behavior relationships. Neuropsychologists utilize assessment measures to evaluate multiple domains of cognitive, behavioral, and emotional functioning in order to diagnose and inform treatment of neurodegenerative conditions or other processes impacting the central nervous system. Many neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease and frontotemporal dementia, are characterized by marked impairments in specific cognitive functions, such as attention, language, and memory. As such, it is the role of the neuropsychologist to determine if the pattern of cognitive changes is consistent with a particular etiology while concurrently assessing for the presence of comorbid factors that may contribute to the patient’s cognitive presentation. Such factors can include medical conditions, mood disturbances, fatigue, chronic pain, or developmental disabilities. The neuropsychological evaluation includes a thorough review of available medical records, a comprehensive clinical interview, and the objective assessment of cognitive skills with the incorporation of behavioral observations. Due to the vast number of conditions with known cognitive implications, neuropsychology has been increasingly integrated within the medical field in recent decades. The emergence of increasingly sophisticated neuroimaging allows the clinician to compare neuropsychological findings with observed imaging abnormalities to further aid in providing diagnostic clarification. The present chapter aims to describe the process of neuropsychological assessment and the typical pattern of changes associated with specific neurodegenerative conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHybrid PET/MR Neuroimaging
Subtitle of host publicationA Comprehensive Approach
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages247-255
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783030823672
ISBN (Print)9783030823665
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Cognitive assessment
  • Dementia
  • Neuropsychology

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