Neurologic injury and patient displacement in gynecologic laparoscopic surgery using a beanbag and shoulder supports

Alejandro D. Treszezamsky, Suzanne Fenske, Erin L. Moshier, Charles J. Ascher-Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: To quantify the incidence of peripheral neuropathy in gynecologic laparoscopic surgery using a combination of beanbag, eggcrate foam, and shoulder supports; and to assess patient displacement during surgery in a steep Trendelenburg position and determine variables correlated with displacement. Methods: A retrospective study included all gynecologic laparoscopic surgeries performed by one high-volume surgeon at a US center between September 15, 2007, and September 15, 2012. Data included neurologic deficits or extremity pain, any other complications, and—for the final study year—surgical time as well as patient and beanbag displacement. Results: Among 967 patients, no long-term neuropathy was reported, 6 (0.6%) patients had transient shoulder pain beyond the first 24 hours (resolved by initial postoperative visit), and 7 (0.7%) were lost to follow-up. No neurologic complications were reported. Median beanbag and total patient displacement were 0 cm (interquartile range 0–0) and 0 cm (interquartile range 0–2), respectively. Patient displacement relative to the table was correlated with the total surgical time (P=0.025) and patient weight (P=0.023). The median displacement was greater in hysterectomy than non-hysterectomy procedures (P=0.003). Conclusion: Use of beanbags with shoulder supports and convoluted foam armboard pads was associated with minimal patient displacement and risk of arm and leg neurologic injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-30
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018


  • Displacement
  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Laparoscopy
  • Nerve injury
  • Neuropathy
  • Trendelenburg position


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