Neurocognitive effects of estrogens across the adult lifespan in nonhuman primates: State of knowledge and new perspectives

Agnès Lacreuse, Jessica A. Mong, Yuko Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article is part of a Special Issue "Estradiol and cognition". This review discusses the unique contribution of nonhuman primate research to our understanding of the neurocognitive effects of estrogens throughout the adult lifespan in females. Mounting evidence indicates that estrogens affect many aspects of hippocampal, prefrontal and cholinergic function in the primate brain and the underlying mechanisms are beginning to be elucidated. In addition, estrogens may also influence cognitive function indirectly, via the modulation of other systems that impact cognition. We will focus on the effects of estrogens on sleep and emphasize the need for primate models to better understand these complex interactions. Continued research with nonhuman primates is essential for the development of therapies that are optimal for the maintenance of women's cognitive health throughout the lifespan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalHormones and Behavior
Volume74
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Dendritic spines
  • Estradiol
  • Frontal cortex
  • Hippocampus
  • Hot flashes
  • Memory
  • Menopause
  • Monkey
  • Sleep

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