Neural crest defects in ephrin-B2 mutant mice are non-autonomous and originate from defects in the vasculature

Ace E. Lewis, Jennifer Hwa, Rong Wang, Philippe Soriano, Jeffrey O. Bush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ephrin-B2, a member of the Eph/ephrin family of cell signaling molecules, has been implicated in the guidance of cranial and trunk neural crest cells (NCC) and development of the branchial arches(BA), but detailed examination in mice has been hindered by embryonic lethality of Efnb2 null loss of function due to a requirement in angiogenic remodeling. To elucidate the developmental roles for Efnb2, we generated a conditional rescue knock-in allele that allows rescue of ephrin-B2 specifically in the vascular endothelium (VE), but is otherwise ephrin-B2 deficient. Restoration of ephrin-B2 expression specifically to the VE completely circumvents angiogenic phenotypes, indicating that the requirement of ephrin-B2 in angiogenesis is limited to the VE. Surprisingly, we find that expression of ephrin-B2 specifically in the VE is also sufficient for normal NCC migration and that conversely, embryos in which ephrin-B2 is absent specifically from the VE exhibit NCC migration and survival defects. Disruption of vascular development independent of loss of ephrin-B2 function also leads to defects in NCC and BA development. Together, these data indicate that direct ephrin-B2 signaling to NCCs is not required for NCC guidance, which instead depends on proper organization of the embryonic vasculature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-195
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Volume406
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Bidirectional signaling
  • Branchial arches
  • Craniofacial
  • Eph
  • Ephrin
  • Foregut
  • Hindgut
  • Neural crest
  • Palate
  • Pharyngeal arches
  • Reverse signaling

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