Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) is a validated and well-recognized adjunct in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Practice paradigms are changing in the adoption of IONM, in its intermittent and continuous forms. This article explores the current and future trends of nerve monitoring, including guidelines and practice patterns on its use, new technological advancements that inform its progress and the importance of sound surgical decision-making as it relates to prevention of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury with monitoring.
- Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM)
- thyroid surgery