We previously identified the N-quinoline-benzenesulfonamide (NQBS) scaffold as a potent inhibitor of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation. Now, we report the structure-activity relationship of compounds with the NQBS scaffold in models of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We identified CU-O42, CU-O47, and CU-O75 as NQBS analogs with the most potent cytotoxic activity in DLBCL lines. Their anti-lymphoma effect was mediated by NF-κB sequestration to the cytoplasm of DLBCL cells. Internal Coordinates Mechanics analysis suggested direct binding between CU-O75 and IκBα/p50/p65 which leads to the stabilization of the NF-κB trimer. A whole cellular thermal shift assay confirmed direct binding of the NQBS to IκBα, an inhibitory component of the IκBα/p50/p65 trimer. Lymphoma cell line sequencing revealed CU-O75 induced downregulation of NF-κB-dependent genes and DeMAND analysis identified IκBα as one of the top protein targets for CU-O75. CU-O42 was potent in inhibiting tumor growth in two mouse models of aggressive lymphomas.
- Medical Biochemistry