Myeloid Sarcoma of the Testis in Children: Clinicopathologic and Immunohistochemical Characteristics with KMT2A (MLL) Gene Rearrangement Correlation

Siraj M. El Jamal, Abeer Salama, Bridget K. Marcellino, Hend A. Abulsayen, Xinchun Zhou, Mohamed Hassan, Adolfo Firpo-Betancourt, Ali G. Saad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is defined as an extramedullary mass-forming lesion composed of immature myeloid cells. It is a rare but well-known manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia. Pediatrics testicular MS may pose a possible diagnostic challenge, an issue that is underscored in the few testicular pediatric MS cases reported in the literature. Herein, we report a series of 5 cases of pediatric testicular MS that are evaluated at the morphologic and immunohistochemical levels with correlation with the KMT2A (MLL) rearrangement status. Three patients presented with no prior history of acute myeloid leukemia. All 5 cases showed monoblastic morphology; positive for CD33, CD43, CD68, CD163, CD4 (dim), and lysozyme; and negative for CD10, CD34, CD117, and myeloperoxidase. KMT2A (MLL) rearrangement was detected in 4 of the 5 cases. In the literature, 8 more cases of pediatric testicular lymphoma were reported. Most of them showed monocytic differentiation and KMT2A (MLL) rearrangement was reported in 3 of the cases. In conclusions, testicular MS in pediatric patients shows monoblastic differentiation which may be attributed to the KMT2A (MLL) rearrangement. We also highlight the importance of using an extended immunohistochemistry panel in the diagnosis of MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-507
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • KMT2A (MLL)
  • myeloid sarcoma
  • testicular

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