Myc is required for adaptive β-cell replication in young mice but is not sufficient in one-year-old mice fed with a high-fat diet

Carolina Rosselot, Anil Kumar, Jayalakshmi Lakshmipathi, Pili Zhang, Geming Lu, Liora S. Katz, Edward V. Prochownik, Andrew F. Stewart, Luca Lambertini, Donald K. Scott, Adolfo Garcia-Ocaña

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Failure to expand pancreatic b-cells in response to metabolic stress leads to excessive workload resulting in β-cell dysfunction, dedifferentiation, death, and development of type 2 diabetes. In this study, we demonstrate that induction of Myc is required for increased pancreatic β-cell replication and expansion during metabolic stress-induced insulin resistance with short-term highfat diet (HFD) in young mice. β-Cell-specific Myc knockout mice fail to expand adaptively and show impaired glucose tolerance and β-cell dysfunction. Mechanistically, PKCζ, ERK1/2, mTOR, and PP2A are key regulators of the Myc response in this setting. DNA methylation analysis shows hypomethylation of cell cycle genes that are Myc targets in islets from young mice fed with a short-term HFD. Importantly, DNA hypomethylation of Myc response elements does not occur in islets from 1-year-old mice fed with a short-term HFD, impairing both Myc recruitment to cell cycle regulatory genes and β-cell replication. We conclude that Myc is required for metabolic stress-mediated β-cell expansion in young mice, but with aging, Myc upregulation is not sufficient to induce β-cell replication by, at least partially, an epigenetically mediated resistance to Myc action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1934-1949
Number of pages16
JournalDiabetes
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

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