Mutations in the SHANK2 synaptic scaffolding gene in autism spectrum disorder and mental retardation

Simone Berkel, Christian R. Marshall, Birgit Weiss, Jennifer Howe, Ralph Roeth, Ute Moog, Volker Endris, Wendy Roberts, Peter Szatmari, Dalila Pinto, Michael Bonin, Angelika Riess, Hartmut Engels, Rolf Sprengel, Stephen W. Scherer, Gudrun A. Rappold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

440 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using microarrays, we identified de novo copy number variations in the SHANK2 synaptic scaffolding gene in two unrelated individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) and mental retardation. DNA sequencing of SHANK2 in 396 individuals with ASD, 184 individuals with mental retardation and 659 unaffected individuals (controls) revealed additional variants that were specific to ASD and mental retardation cases, including a de novo nonsense mutation and seven rare inherited changes. Our findings further link common genes between ASD and intellectual disability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-491
Number of pages3
JournalNature Genetics
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

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