Multiplex H. pylori serology and risk of gastric cardia and noncardia adenocarcinomas

Ramin Shakeri, Reza Malekzadeh, Dariush Nasrollahzadeh, Michael Pawilta, Gwen Murphy, Farhad Islami, Masoud Sotoudeh, Angelika Michel, Arash Etemadi, Tim Waterboer, Hossein Poustchi, Paul Brennan, Paolo Boffetta, Sanford M. Dawsey, Farin Kamangar, Christian C. Abnet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reported associations with gastric adenocarcinoma and seropositivity to different Helicobacter pylori antigens using multiplex serology have not been consistent across studies. We aimed to investigate the association between 15 different multiplex serology antigens and the risk of gastric cardia (GCA) and gastric noncardia (GNCA) adenocarcinomas in northeastern Iran, a population with high rates of gastric adenocarcinoma. We included 272 cases of gastric adenocarcinoma (142 GCA, 103 GNCA, and 27 unspecified) and 524 controls who were individuallymatched to cases for age, sex, and place of residence in a population-based case-control study. Seropositivity to H. pylori was assessed using both multiplex serology and H. pylori IgG ELISA. Ninety-five percent of controls were seropositive to H. pylori. Of the 15 antibodies in the multiplex assay, 11 showed no significant association with gastric adenocarcinomas. CagA and VacA were associated with a significantly increased risk of all gastric adenocarcinoma and GNCA in multivariate models. Surprisingly, GroEL and NapA were significantly associated with a reduced risk of these tumors. Only CagA antigen was associated with significantly elevated risk of GCA. We found no associations between H. pylori seropositivity overall either by whole-cell ELISA test or multiplex serology, likely due to the high prevalence of seropositivity. Individual antigen testing showed that CagA positivity was associated with increased risk of both noncardia and cardia adenocarcinoma, which is similar to some other Asian populations, whereas two antigens were associated with lower risk of gastric cancer. This latter result was unexpected and should be retested in other populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4876-4883
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume75
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2015

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