Multiple brain abscesses in an extremely preterm infant and a 12-year follow up: a case report

Shulin Pan, Su Lin, Jing Lin, Shangqin Chen, Zhenlang Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Brain abscesses are uncommon but life-threatening in extremely preterm (EP, Gestational Age < 28 weeks) infants. The information of long-time follow-up is rare, but very few cases presented almost intact neural function after injury. Case presentation: We report the clinical course and the outcome of a 27-week preterm infant with multiple brain abscesses. The brain abscesses were detected by cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and were treated with surgical aspiration twice and a 7-week course of intravenous antibiotics. The patient had two episodes of seizure like activities at 8 and 11 years old respectively, whereas she had normal results of electroencephalogram (EEG). MRI showed encephalomalacia and periventricular leukomalacia. Otherwise, she had no obvious neurological deficits based on multiple physical examination and her intellectual quotient (IQ) was in normal range in the long-time follow-up. Conclusions: Early diagnosis of brain abscesses and appropriate therapy can improve the prognosis. Furthermore, this case report provides an example of the possible neuroplasticity of brain in EP infants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number99
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Aspiration
  • Extremely preterm infant
  • Multiple brain abscesses
  • Preterm
  • Prognosis


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