Multiplanar imaging of inferior vena cava variants

Muhammad Awais, Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul Ain Baloch, Basit Salam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Inferior vena cava (IVC) variants are rare and are usually detected incidentally. Even though, these variants are by themselves asymptomatic, they can have important clinical, radiological, and surgical implications. In this pictorial essay, we sensitize the reader to various IVC variants by presenting reports of actual patients. A succinct description of the embryological development of these anatomic variants is also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalAbdominal Imaging
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Inferior vena cava
  • Inferior vena cava abnormalities
  • Inferior vena cava radiography
  • Inferior vena cava surgery


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