Objective: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is an uncommon non-inflammatory and non-atherosclerotic cause of arterial disease that may result in stenosis, tortuosity, aneurysm, or dissection. The clinical presentation depends on the vascular bed involved and ranges from asymptomatic to multisystem disease and end organ ischemia. The purpose of this article is to review the role of imaging in patients with FMD with an emphasis on renal FMD. The relevant epidemiology, histopathology, imaging techniques, and interpretation of images will be discussed. Conclusion: Renal artery FMD requires a high index of suspicion for accurate and prompt diagnosis and implementation of appropriate therapy. The treatment will vary based on clinical presentation and distribution of involvement. Noninvasive imaging with duplex ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are reasonable alternatives for the depiction of FMD in comparison to catheter-directed angiography (CA). Patients with FMD are often treated by multispecialty practice including the interventional radiologist.
- Fibromuscular dysplasia
- Renal artery