Multidimensional effects of acculturation on English-language neuropsychological test performance among HIV+ Caribbean Latinas/os

Alyssa Arentoft, Desiree Byrd, Reuben N. Robbins, Jennifer Monzones, Caitlin Miranda, Ana Rosario, Kelly Coulehan, Armando Fuentes, Kaori Kubo Germano, Erica D'Aquila, Jacob Sheynin, Felicia Fraser, Susan Morgello, Monica Rivera Mindt

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acculturation has been linked to neuropsychological performance in several ethnic groups. However, research among Latina/o samples has examined primarily Mexicans/Mexican Americans and has not examined Latina/o clinical populations of Caribbean descent. This study examined associations between a multidimensional acculturation measure and neuropsychological performance among 82 HIV+ Caribbean Latina/o adults. Multivariate results showed that US acculturation significantly predicted 11-14% of the variance in global neuropsychological functioning, verbal fluency, and processing speed, whereas Latina/o acculturation predicted 6-8% of the variance in motor and executive function (trend level associations). Both linguistic and nonlinguistic cultural factors had distinct effects on neuropsychological performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-825
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Cognition
  • HIV
  • Latina
  • Latino
  • Neuropsychology

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