Multi-organ point-of-care ultrasound for COVID-19 (PoCUS4COVID): international expert consensus

Arif Hussain, Gabriele Via, Lawrence Melniker, Alberto Goffi, Guido Tavazzi, Luca Neri, Tomas Villen, Richard Hoppmann, Francesco Mojoli, Vicki Noble, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Pablo Blanco, Irene W.Y. Ma, Mahathar Abd Wahab, Abdulmohsen Alsaawi, Majid Al Salamah, Martin Balik, Diego Barca, Karim Bendjelid, Belaid BouhemadPablo Bravo-Figueroa, Raoul Breitkreutz, Juan Calderon, Jim Connolly, Roberto Copetti, Francesco Corradi, Anthony J. Dean, André Denault, Deepak Govil, Carmela Graci, Young Rock Ha, Laura Hurtado, Toru Kameda, Michael Lanspa, Christian B. Laursen, Francis Lee, Rachel Liu, Massimiliano Meineri, Miguel Montorfano, Peiman Nazerian, Bret P. Nelson, Aleksandar N. Neskovic, Ramon Nogue, Adi Osman, José Pazeli, Elmo Pereira-Junior, Tomislav Petrovic, Emanuele Pivetta, Jan Poelaert, Susanna Price, Gregor Prosen, Shalim Rodriguez, Philippe Rola, Colin Royse, Yale Tung Chen, Mike Wells, Adrian Wong, Wang Xiaoting, Wang Zhen, Yaseen Arabi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


COVID-19 has caused great devastation in the past year. Multi-organ point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) including lung ultrasound (LUS) and focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) as a clinical adjunct has played a significant role in triaging, diagnosis and medical management of COVID-19 patients. The expert panel from 27 countries and 6 continents with considerable experience of direct application of PoCUS on COVID-19 patients presents evidence-based consensus using GRADE methodology for the quality of evidence and an expedited, modified-Delphi process for the strength of expert consensus. The use of ultrasound is suggested in many clinical situations related to respiratory, cardiovascular and thromboembolic aspects of COVID-19, comparing well with other imaging modalities. The limitations due to insufficient data are highlighted as opportunities for future research.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number702
JournalCritical Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • COVID-19
  • Echocardiography
  • Focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS)
  • Lung ultrasound (LUS)
  • Point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS)
  • SARS-CoV-2


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