The rapid evolution of SARS-CoV-2 since its pandemic outbreak has underscored the need for improved SARS-CoV-2 vaccines that efficiently reduce not only hospitalizations and deaths, but also infections and transmission. This might be achieved by a new generation of intranasally administered SARS-CoV-2 vaccines to stimulate protective mucosal immunity. Among all different approaches, preclinical and clinical information using Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV)-vectors expressing S of SARS-CoV2 as a COVID-19 vaccine show the potential of this vaccine platform as an affordable, highly immunogenic, safe strategy to intranasally vaccinate humans against SARS-CoV-2 and other infectious diseases. These vaccine vectors consist on the use of a harmless avian negative strand RNA virus to deliver intranasally a self-replicating RNA expressing the vaccine antigen in the cells of the respiratory mucosa. The vector also incorporates the antigen in the virus particle used for RNA delivery, thus combining the properties of nanoparticle-based and RNA-based vaccines. Other advantages of NDV-based vectors include the worldwide availability of manufacturing facilities for their production and their stability at non-freezing temperatures. While phase 3 clinical studies to evaluate efficacy are still pending, phase 1 and 2 clinical studies have demonstrated the safety and immunogenicity of NDV-S vaccines against SARS-CoV-2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-238
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Research in Immunology
StatePublished - Jan 2022


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