MRI features of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the bile ducts, “The myth about the cyst”: A systematic review

Matan Kraus, Eyal Klang, Shelly Soffer, Yael Inbar, Eli Konen, Tamer Sobeh, Sara Apter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Rationale and objectives: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the bile ducts (IPMN-B) is a true pre-cancerous lesion, which shares common features with pancreatic IPMN (IPMN-P). While IPMN-P is a well described entity for which guidelines were formulated and revised, IPMN-B is a poorly described entity. We carried out a systematic review to evaluate the existing literature, emphasizing the role of MRI in IPMN-B depiction. Materials and methods: PubMed database was used to identify original studies and case series that reported MR Imaging features of IPMN-B. The search keywords were "IPMN OR intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm OR IPNB OR intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct AND Biliary OR biliary cancer OR hepatic cystic lesions”. Risk of bias and applicability were evaluated using the QUADAS-2 tool. Results: 884 Records were Identified through database searching. 12 studies satisfied the inclusion criteria, resulting in MR features of 288 patients. All the studies were retrospective. Classic features of IPMN-B are under-described. Few studies note worrisome features, concerning for an underlying malignancy. 50 % of the studies had a high risk of bias and concerns regarding applicability. Conclusions: The MRI features of IPMN-B are not well elaborated and need to be further studied. Worrisome features and guidelines regarding reporting the imaging findings should be established and published.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100515
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology Open
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Biliary tract
  • Cystic tumors
  • IPMN
  • IPNB
  • Mucinous tumors


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