Mortality and recurrence after treatment of VTE: Long term follow-up of patients with good life-expectancy

Marianne S. Andresen, Irene Sandven, Cathrine Brunborg, Anne Mette Njaastad, Finn Strekerud, Michael Abdelnoor, Pål Smith, Ulrich Abildgaard

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: After completed anticoagulant treatment for acute VTE, both the subsequent mortality and risk of recurrent VTE are high, probably related to the frequent presence of serious disease in these patients. The aim of the study was to determine survival and recurrence in selected patients with good life-expectancy, and to evaluate risk factors. Methods: The 323 patients were followed for median 7.4 years (range 4.1-11.9) after cessation of anticoagulation. Survival analysis and Cox-regression were used for univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The cumulative incidence of survival after 5 years was 93.4%. Standardised mortality ratio was 1.42 for men and 1.28 for women. Patients without a transient risk factor prior to the index VTE were associated with higher risk of mortality compared to risk of mortality in patients with a transient risk factor (hazard ratio (HR) 2.81; 95% CI 1.40-5.62). Recurrence of VTE after 5 years was 19.0%. A persistent risk factor or a spontaneous VTE was associated with higher risk of recurrence compared to a transient risk factor (HR 2.39; 95% CI 1.44-3.95). Elevated D-dimer levels increased the risk, and immobilisation prior to the index VTE reduced the risk of recurrence. Sex, age and thrombophilia were not independent risk factors for recurrence. Conclusions: Despite a low mortality rate in this selected cohort, the recurrence rate and risk factors for recurrence were similar to findings reported in unselected populations. VTE unrelated to a transient risk factor was associated with increased mortality compared to mortality in patients with a transient risk factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-546
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume127
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mortality
  • Recurrence
  • Risk factor
  • Venous thromboembolism

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