Mortality and locomotion 6 months after hospitalization for hip fracture risk factors and risk-adjusted hospital outcomes

Edward L. Hannan, Jay Magaziner, Jason J. Wang, Elizabeth A. Eastwood, Stacey B. Silberzweig, Marvin Gilbert, R. Sean Morrison, Mary Ann McLaughlin, Gretchen M. Orosz, Albert L. Siu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

388 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context Hip fracture is a common clinical problem that leads to considerable mortality and disability. A need exists for a practical means to monitor and improve outcomes, including function, for patients with hip fracture. Objectives To identify and compare the importance of significant prefracture predictors of functional status and mortality at 6 months for patients hospitalized with hip fracture and to compare risk-adjusted outcomes for hospitals providing initial care. Design Prospective study with data obtained from medical records and through structured interviews with patients and proxies. Setting and Participants A total of 571 adults aged 50 years or older with hip fracture who were admitted to 4 New York, NY, metropolitan hospitals between August 1997 and August 1998. Main Outcome Measures In-hospital and 6-month mortality; locomotion at 6 months; and adverse outcomes at 6 months, defined as death or needing assistance to ambulate, compared by hospital, adjusting for patient risk factors. Results The in-hospital mortality rate was 1.6%. At 6 months, the mortality rate was 13.5%, and another 12.8% needed total assistance to ambulate. Laboratory values were strong predictors of mortality but were not significantly associated with locomotion. Age and prefracture residence at a nursing home were significant predictors of locomotion (P=.02 for both) but were not significantly associated with mortality. Adjustment for baseline characteristics either substantially augmented or diminished interhospital differences in outcomes. Two hospitals had 1 outcome (functional status or mortality) that was significantly worse than the overall mean while the other outcome was nonsignificantly better than average. Conclusions Mortality and functional status ideally should be considered both together and individually to distinguish effects limited to one or the other outcome. Hospital performance for these 2 measures may differ substantially after adjustment, probably because different processes of care are important to each outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2736-2742
Number of pages7
JournalJAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume285
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Jun 2001

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