Morphometric and electron microscopic analyses of the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment on arteriole size in uterine leiomyomas

T. Kalir, H. Wu, R. E. Gordon, J. Gil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. - Few studies have been performed on the vascular changes in leiomyomas from patients treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHAs). Objective. - To measure luminal diameter and wall thickness of arterioles in uterine leiomyomas using a quantitative stereologic method of analysis. Design. - Thirty leiomyomas from 3 study groups were used: (1) patients treated with GnRHAs (10 patient samples), (2) age-matched controls (10 patient samples), and (3) postmenopausal women (10 patient samples). Measurements of arteriolar luminal diameter and wall thickness were made using a video-based, computerized system attached to the microscope, for which a morphometric adhoc program was written. Electron micrographs were made of random arterioles from the first 2 groups (GnRHA-treated patients and age-matched controls). Setting. - Department of Pathology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY. Patients. - A total of 30 patient samples were studied, with 3 groups comprising 10 samples each, including patients treated with GnRHAs, age-matched control patients, and postmenopausal women. Results. - Arterioles in myomas from patients treated with GnRHAs had slightly larger luminal diameters and significantly thicker walls than age-matched controls and resembled arterioles from postmenopausal women. The thickening was due to smooth muscle cell hyperplasia in the muscularis media. Conclusions. - Treatment with GnRHAs causes a thickening of the walls of intramyomatous arterioles, which resemble those of postmenopausal women. This thickening may play a role in the decreased flow of blood reported in GnRHA treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1295-1298
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume124
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2000

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