Monozygotic pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization: Understanding their prognosis

Gerardo Vela, Martha Luna, Jason Barritt, Benjamin Sandler, Alan B. Copperman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: To analyze the outcomes and particular characteristics of monozygotic (MZ) pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF). Design: Retrospective data analysis. Setting: Large private-academic fertility center. Patient(s): IVF-conceived MZ pregnancies. Intervention(s): Statistical analysis of MZ pregnancy outcomes depending on fetal order and pregnancy reductions status. Main Outcome Measure(s): Spontaneous pregnancy reduction, pregnancy loss, take-home baby rate, perinatal mortality, gestational age at delivery, and birth weight. Result(s): A total of 72 of 3,426 pregnancies (2.1%) were MZ, and 70 were included in the study. Of these, 34 cases (48.5%) were high-order multiple pregnancies (HOMP), and 36 (51.5%) were non-HOMP. In the HOMP group, only 2.9% (1 of 34) had a complete pregnancy loss while 38.8% (14 of 36) of the non-HOMP were lost by 20 weeks' gestation. Of the HOMP patients, 73.1% therapeutically reduced the MZ component, and a statistically significant difference in gestational age of delivery (37.8 ± 3.2 vs. 28.1 ± 7.7) and birth weight (2796 ± 865.8 vs. 1110.0 ± 731.6) was seen when compared with nonreduced HOMP. Conclusion(s): Twinning with MZ is encountered in a small but important number of pregnancies derived from assisted reproduction. The prognosis for these patients is unfavorable, particularly for single-implantation MZ pregnancies and for nonreduced HOMP. Patients who do not spontaneously reduce a MZ-HOMP by 12 weeks may benefit from therapeutically reducing the MZ component of the pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-610
Number of pages5
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2011


  • ART
  • IVF
  • high-order multiple pregnancy
  • monozygotic
  • multifetal pregnancy reduction
  • pregnancy outcome


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