Background & Aims: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). We sought to determine the frequency of high-level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) and the mutational and methylation profile of MSI-H IBD-related neoplasms (IBDNs). Methods: A total of 124 IBDNs (81 cancers, 43 dysplasias) from 78 patients were studied for the frequency of MSI-H and hypermethylation of 3 target genes: MLH1, HPP1, and RAB-32. Fifteen MSI-H IBDNs were characterized according to their profile of frameshift mutations in 28 mononucleotide repeats and compared with 46 sporadic MSI-H CRCs. Results: Nineteen of 124 IBDNs were MSI-H. The frequency of frameshift mutations in coding mononucleotide repeats was significantly lower in MSI-H IBDNs than in sporadic MSI-H CRCs for TGFBR2 (7 of 14 vs 34 of 43 samples; P = .047) and ACVR2 (3 of 14 vs 25 of 43 samples; P = .029). In contrast, ICA1 was mutated in 3 of 9 MSI-H IBDNs vs 2 of 54 sporadic MSI-H CRCs (P = .028). HPP1 and RAB32 methylation was independent of MSI status and was observed in 4 of 59 and 0 of 64 nondysplastic mucosae, 20 of 38 and 1 of 25 dysplasias, and 28 of 61 and 20 of 60 carcinomas, respectively. Conclusions: The profiles of coding microsatellite mutations (instabilotypes) differ significantly between MSI-H IBDNs and MSI-H sporadic CRCs. Specifically, TGFBR2 and ACVR2 mutations are significantly rarer in MSI-H IBDNs than in MSI-H sporadic CRCs. Furthermore, HPP1 methylation occurs early, in 7% of nondysplastic and approximately half of dysplastic mucosae, whereas RAB32 methylation occurs at the transition to invasive growth, being rarer in dysplasias.