Modulating sensory gating in healthy volunteers: The effects of ketamine and haloperidol

Bob Oranje, Christine C. Gispen-De Wied, Marinus Nicholaas Verbaten, René S. Kahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Antagonists of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors induce a broad range of psychophysiologic symptoms in healthy subjects that are similar to those of schizophrenia, such as disturbances in the sensory gating of stimuli. Because antipsychotics reduce symptoms in schizophrenia, they may also reduce the effects of NMDA antagonists. Methods: In our study, a group of 18 healthy male volunteers was tested in prepulse inhibition (PPI) and P50 evoked potential paradigms during placebo-placebo, placebo-ketamine (.3 mg/kg; intravenous), and 2-mg haloperidol/.3 mg/kg intravenous ketamine conditions. Results: Suppression of PPI and P50 in the ketamine condition did not differ from either the placebo-placebo or the haloperidol-ketamine condition; however, a significant reduction in percentage PPI to the lowest prepulse intensity and a reduction of P50 suppression were found in the haloperidol-ketamine condition. Conclusions: The combination of haloperidol and ketamine was found to disrupt P50 suppression and PPI in healthy male volunteers, whereas ketamine alone did not affect either measure. This may imply that the disrupted P50 suppression and PPI found in schizophrenia is related to reduced dopaminergic activity, most likely in the prefrontal cortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-895
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume52
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Haloperidol
  • Ketamine
  • P50 suppression
  • PPI
  • Sensory gating

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