Recently, corrections to the Einstein-Hilbert action that become important at small curvature have been proposed. We discuss the first-order and second-order approximations to the field equations derived by the Palatini variational principle. We work out the first-and second-order modified Friedmann equations and present the upper redshift bounds when these approximations are valid. We show that the second-order effects can be neglected in the cosmological predictions involving only the Hubble parameter, e.g. the various cosmological distances, but the second-order effects cannot be neglected in the predictions involving the derivatives of the Hubble parameter. Furthermore, the modified Friedmann equations fit the SNe Ia data at an acceptable level.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Classical and Quantum Gravity|
|State||Published - 21 Nov 2003|