Modern external beam radiation therapy for refractory dissecting cellulitis of the scalp

P. Chinnaiyan, L. B. Tena, M. J. Brenner, James S. Welsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp can be an extremely painful and disfiguring dermatological condition. The associated pain can be severe enough in some cases to require opioid analgesics, and this pain in conjunction with the disfigurement can induce significant emotional distress. Conservative treatments often fail to provide relief. Radiation therapy has been successfully used in the past but with outdated equipment and techniques. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of modern external beam radiation therapy techniques for the treatment of dissecting cellulitis of the scalp. Methods: Four patients with intractable dissecting cellulitis of the scalp were treated with electrons or a combination of electrons and photons to the entire scalp. Daily fraction sizes were 2.5 or 3 Gy and initially prescribed to 15-21 Gy. Patients were re-evaluated 3-4 weeks after completion of therapy. Any residual hair growth was treated with additional radiation treatments to ensure full epilation, up to a maximum dose of 35 Gy. Results: Rapid resolution of pain was seen in all patients with pain. Regression of nodules and decreased discharge was seen in all patients following treatment and cosmesis was subjectively improved. No long-term toxicity has been observed. Conclusions: Using modern techniques and equipment, radiation therapy appears to be a reasonable option for patients with severe/refractory dissecting cellulitis of the scalp. Acute effects are mild and well tolerated. Aside from alopecia, which was present to some extent in all patients before treatment, no long-term complications have been observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-779
Number of pages3
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume152
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dissecting cellulitis
  • Radiation therapy

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