Purpose: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in the management of adrenal metastases is emerging as a well-tolerated, effective method of treatment for patients with limited metastatic disease. SBRT planning and treatment utilization are widely variable, and publications report heterogeneous radiation dose fractionation schemes and treatment outcomes. The objective of this analysis was to review the current literature on SBRT for adrenal metastases and to develop treatment guidelines and a model for tumor control probability of SBRT for adrenal metastases based on these publications. Methods and Materials: A literature search of all studies on SBRT for adrenal metastases published from 2008 to 2017 was performed, and outcomes in these studies were reviewed. Local control (LC) rates were fit to a statistically significant Poisson model using maximum likelihood estimation techniques. Results: One-year LC greater than 95% was achieved at an approximated biological equivalent dose with α/β = 10 Gy of 116.4 Gy. Conclusions: While respecting normal tissue tolerances, tumor doses greater than or equal to a biological equivalent dose with α/β = 10 Gy of 116.4 Gy are recommended to achieve high LC. Further studies following unified reporting standards are needed for more robust prediction.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|State||Published - 1 May 2021|