Mobility and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in electrodeposited Co32Fe67B1 thin films using boric acid as boron source

Naeem Ahmad, Fahad Hassan, Suleman Khan, Abdul Majid, Affan Safeer, Ahmad Saeed, Imran Murtaza, S. Ahmed, X. F. Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The fabrication of Co32Fe67B1 thin films by AC electrodeposition method over the bed of 1-D nanostructures using boric acid as boron source has been done successfully for the first time. It is shown that Co32Fe67B1 thin films can easily be deposited electrochemically on anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) templates without employing any complexing agent in the bath solution. The structural properties measured from XRD shows that Co32Fe67B1 thin films are polycrystalline in nature with BCC structure having average grain size of 62 nm. The magnetic measurements reveal that the 1-D nanostructures array influences the characteristics of hysteresis loop such as squareness and as a result the shift in conventional in-plane easy axis of thin film leading to perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). The shape anisotropy and magnetostatic interactions determine the overall magnetic behavior. The coercivity decreases from 59 Oe to 54 Oe and saturation magnetization increases from 14 emu to 25 emu with the increase of film thickness. The resistance obtained from I-V curves fluctuates between 3–13 MΩ with the increase of film thickness. The measurement of Hall Effect in perpendicular Co32Fe67B1 thin films at room temperature shows that for a certain thickness the value of resistivity reaches as high as 4.21 × 10+01 Ω-cm. The Hall mobility shows a fluctuating trend between 19 and 34 cm2/Vs. The Hall measurements taken without external magnetic field is explained on the basis of Spin Hall Effect which opens a door for future device application and in-field switching of magnetic tunnel junctions. Our work opens a new avenue to manipulate the magnetic anisotropy of Co32Fe67B1 by modification of 1-D and 2-D interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-163
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


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