Mirror exposure therapy for body image disturbances and eating disorders: A review

Trevor C. Griffen, Eva Naumann, Tom Hildebrandt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Mirror exposure therapy is a clinical trial validated treatment component that improves body image and body satisfaction. Mirror exposure therapy has been shown to benefit individuals with high body dissatisfaction and patients with eating disorders (ED) in clinical trials. Mirror exposure is an optional component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). However, most clinical trials of mirror exposure therapy have been small or uncontrolled and have included few male subjects. Adverse events have been reported during mirror exposure clinical trials. We discuss how individuals respond when looking in a mirror and how mirrors can be used therapeutically, and we critically evaluate the evidence in favor of mirror exposure therapy. We discuss clinical indications and technical considerations for the use of mirror exposure therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-174
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Psychology Review
StatePublished - Nov 2018


  • Body dysmorphic disorder
  • Body image
  • Eating disorders
  • Mirror exposure therapy


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