Minimally Invasive Intracerebral Hemorrhage Evacuation Improves Pericavity Cerebral Blood Volume

Colton J. Smith, Christina P. Rossitto, Michael Manhart, Imke Fuhrmann, Julie DiNitto, Turner Baker, Muhammad Ali, Marily Sarmiento, J. Mocco, Christopher P. Kellner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cerebral blood volume mapping can characterize hemodynamic changes within brain tissue, particularly after stroke. This study aims to quantify blood volume changes in the perihematomal parenchyma and pericavity parenchyma after minimally invasive intracerebral hemorrhage evacuation (MIS for ICH). Thirty-two patients underwent MIS for ICH with pre- and post-operative CT imaging and intraoperative perfusion imaging (DynaCT PBV Neuro, Artis Q, Siemens). The pre-operative and post-operative CT scans were segmented using ITK-SNAP software to calculate hematoma volumes and to delineate the pericavity tissue. Helical CT segmentations were registered to cone beam CT data using elastix software. Mean blood volumes were computed inside subvolumes by dilating the segmentations at increasing distances from the lesion. Pre-operative perihematomal blood volumes and post-operative pericavity blood volumes (PBV) were compared. In 27 patients with complete imaging, post-operative PBV significantly increased within the 6-mm pericavity region after MIS for ICH. The mean relative PBV increased by 21.6 and 9.1% at 3 mm and 6 mm, respectively (P = 0.001 and 0.016, respectively). At the 9-mm pericavity region, there was a 2.83% increase in mean relative PBV, though no longer statistically significant. PBV analysis demonstrated a significant increase in pericavity cerebral blood volume after minimally invasive ICH evacuation to a distance of 6 mm from the border of the lesion.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTranslational Stroke Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood volume
  • Cone-beam CT
  • Hemorrhagic stroke
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Pericavity blood volume

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