Minimally Invasive Intracerebral Hemorrhage Evacuation: A review

Mishek J. Musa, Austin B. Carpenter, Christopher Kellner, Dimitri Sigounas, Isuru Godage, Saikat Sengupta, Chima Oluigbo, Kevin Cleary, Yue Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Intracerebral hemorrhage is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. To date, there is no specific treatment that clearly provides a benefit in functional outcome or mortality. Surgical treatment for hematoma evacuation has not yet shown clear benefit over medical management despite promising preclinical studies. Minimally invasive treatment options for hematoma evacuation are under investigation but remain in early-stage clinical trials. Robotics has the potential to improve treatment. In this paper, we review intracerebral hemorrhage pathology, currently available treatments, and potential robotic approaches to date. We also discuss the future role of robotics in stroke treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-386
Number of pages22
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Medical robot
  • Minimally invasive treatment


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