Migraine headache and other risk factors associated with glaucoma among the adult population living in Armenia: a case–control study

Aida Giloyan, Vahe Khachadourian, Varsik Hakobyan, Lilit Kirakosyan, Varduhi Petrosyan, Tsovinar Harutyunyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the association between migraine headache and glaucoma among the adult population living in Armenia. Methods: This case–control study recruited 145 cases with glaucoma and 250 controls without glaucoma and other ocular disorders except refractive error from Optomed Canada Diagnostic Eye Center in Armenia. A structured questionnaire contained questions on socio-demographics, family history of glaucoma and stroke, ocular health, smoking, migraine, and obstructive sleep apnea. The Migraine Screening Questionnaire assessed possible migraine and the Berlin Questionnaire measured obstructive sleep apnea. Results: The mean ages of cases and controls were 63.3 (SD = 12.3) and 39.5 (SD = 13.5), respectively. Females comprised 62.8% of cases and 69.1% of controls. A total of 17.8% of cases and 19.0% of controls had possible migraine. In the adjusted analysis older age (OR 1.17; 95% CI 1.12; 1.23), average/lower than average socio-economic status (OR 5.27; 95% CI 1.30; 21.3), and family history of glaucoma (OR 4.25; 95% CI 1.51; 11.9) were associated with high-tension glaucoma. Conclusion: Timely case detection of glaucoma among those with average/low socio-economic status and those with family history of glaucoma could prevent further progression of the disease. Further studies to explore the relationship between migraine headache and specific types of glaucoma may be worthwhile.

Original languageEnglish
Article number188
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glaucoma
  • Migraine
  • Risk factors
  • Socio-economic status

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