Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization for Chronic Subdural Hematoma Using N-Butyl Cyanoacrylate With D5W Push Technique

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization has been recognized as a promising treatment for patients with subdural hematoma (SDH). OBJECTIVE: To present the technical feasibility and efficacy of n-butyl cyanoacrylate (n-BCA) embolization in the largest consecutive cohort to date. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our consecutive cases of recurrent SDH treated with MMA embolization using diluted n-BCA with the "sugar rush" technique. In brief, a 2.1-Fr microcatheter was used to selectively catheterize the frontal and posterior branches of the MMA. 5% dextrose in water (D5W) was injected through an intermediate catheter while injecting n-BCA through the microcatheter. Complete obliteration of MMA and lack of SDH recurrence in a 3-6 months follow-up computed tomography scan were defined as efficacy outcomes. Cranial nerve palsy, vision loss, transient neurological deficit, and stroke were defined as safety outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 61 patients were identified with a mean (±standard deviation) age of 62.5 ± 9 years. In 6 patients (10%), coil embolization of the origin of the frontal or posterior branch was performed because super-selective catheterization of the branch was unsuccessful because of tortuous anatomy. Complete obliteration of frontal and posterior branches was achieved in 100% of the cases. Recurrent SDH was seen in 3 patients (5%). No incidence of cranial nerve palsy, vision loss, or stroke occurred. One patient suffered a transient neurological deficit. CONCLUSION: MMA embolization using diluted n-BCA with concomitant D5W injection is associated with a high degree of distal penetration and complete branch occlusion and minimal risk of cranial nerve palsy or other thromboembolic complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-537
Number of pages5
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2022

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